Because from the mirror of the sky in Bolivia to Machu Picchu in Peru, to Easter Island and the Atacama in Chile, as well as the paradise of flora and fauna, the Amazon and Galapagos. Here we still say something new. Compared with the hot countries like Peru, Argentina, and Bolivia, the reputation here is much smaller. She is…
But a small reputation definitely does not mean it is boring. Garcia Márquez, the author of “One Hundred Years of Solitude,” Fernando Botero, who likes to draw big fat people, and the famous Latin singer Shakira, are actually Colombians! Next, we will talk about why Colombia is worth a visit in terms of culture, history, and nature.
A journey through architecture
From ancient Indian ruins to elegant colonial-style buildings, architectural fans will not be disappointed by the variety of styles. Walking in Colombia is like experiencing an architectural journey through time and space. As we all know, Machu Picchu in Peru is known as the “Lost City”, but there is also a Lost City (Ciudad Perdida) hidden among the lofty mountains of Colombia.
This site has a longer history than the ancient Inca city and still maintains the style and features of a thousand years ago. It is also one of the largest pre-Columbian ancient cities discovered in Latin America so far. In addition to the Lost City, you may wish to explore San Agustín, the archaeological center of Colombia. More than 500 cute stone statues show the culture and spiritual world of the aboriginal people before the colonial period. The long-term rule of Spanish colonists has made Colombia no shortage of charming colonial towns.
Cartagena, built in the early 16th century, is one of the best-preserved colonial-style cities in South America, but it is not only the elegant colorful buildings that make her famous but also the one described by García Márquez. A half-century love.
At sunset, ride a horse-drawn carriage through the ancient city, and perhaps you will feel the long-lasting passionate love of Fermina by Florentino Arisa in “Love in the Time of Cholera”.If you travel to Ecuador by land from Colombia, then the Santuario de Las Lajas (Santuario de Las Lajas) will make your trip to Colombia an unforgettable end. The church in the border city of Tulcán stands on a deep gorge, about 100 meters above the bottom of the gorge. It is connected by a bridge to both sides of the gorge. Together with the towering spires in Gothic style, it is exceptionally spectacular.
The legendary “local tyrant Eldorado”
Speaking of local tyrants, where do you think of it? UAE or Qatar? In fact, Colombia may be their originator.
After Columbus discovered America in 1492, he enthusiastically praised this land: it is a paradise, and gold is at your fingertips on the ground, just like the delicious fruits hanging on the tree, just reach out and pick it. The golden place in Columbus’s mouth may refer to Laguna de Guatavita in Colombia. This lake surrounded by mountains was once a holy lake where the Muisca people performed religious ceremonies. Legend has it that they drove small boats, coated with gold powder, and dedicated a large amount of gold and emeralds to the gods, thus giving birth to the famous legend of “Eldorado”.
This legend spread among the colonists and attracted many greedy explorers to pan for gold. They burned, killed, and looted, but returned without success. Although the Europeans did not find the legendary Eldorado here, the Balsa Muisca did exist. This exquisite boat made of gold is housed in the Gold Museum in Bogotá, vividly reproducing the sacrificial rituals of the time. Although the dazzling light from gold seems to blind your eyes, but attracted by the exquisite workmanship, you still can’t help but try to keep your eyes wide open, trying to see every detail of the boat.
In fact, the Indians here have been good at making gold products since the pre-Columbian period. Nowadays, not only Bogotá but also many large and small cities in Colombia such as Cartagena and Santa Marta have the Museo de Oro (Museo de Oro).
Taste the fragrant Colombian coffee
Colombia is one of the most famous coffee-producing countries in the world. The superior climate and geographical conditions make the coffee produced here overflowing with aroma, and it also makes Colombia coffee (Cafe de Colombia) one of the few single-product coffees sold in the world under the name of the country. One. In Latin America, the ubiquitous coffee chain brand is not the familiar Star Daddy Mermaid logo, but Juan Valdez from Colombia.
The coffee area is the main producing area of Colombian coffee, with Manizales, Pereira, and Armenia as the centers. There are many places worth visiting in the surrounding mountains. Staying at the coffee estate is the best way to learn about the local coffee culture. Coffee estates are mostly located around towns, integrating accommodation, leisure, and tourism. Some states have a history of more than a hundred years. Coffee-themed activities mainly include tours and coffee appreciation courses.
The tours will explain the origin, history, variety, planting, harvesting, processing, roasting, and sales of coffee, and get a close understanding of the coffee processing process. In addition, the manor also organizes hiking and bird watching activities. Valle de Cocora (Valle de Cocora) is located in the rolling Andes Mountains, surrounded by clouds and mist like a fairyland, with amazing heights of wax oak trees (Palma de Cera)
straight into the sky. The valley is rich in animal and plant resources, especially hummingbirds. If you are lucky, you will even encounter a spectacular scene of a dozen hummingbirds flying by.
Diverse natural features.
Colombia is not only surrounded by clouds and mists in the coffee area but also its charm is multiplied by the ever-changing natural landforms. From the center all the way north, you will reach the long Caribbean coast. There are not only beaches with clear waters and white sands and coconut trees, but the Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona (Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona) also has the most pristine natural scenery, including turquoise seas, dense virgin forests, and majestic snow-capped mountains in the distance. In one.
On the west coast of the Pacific Ocean, you can watch whales swimming towards Alaska in September and October every year. In the Desierto Tatacoa Desert in the southwest, the desolate and magnificent scenery is not inferior to the Atacama. Strictly speaking, this is not a real desert. The continuous sand dunes are like scenes in science fiction movies. As the local area is very arid and the latitude and longitude are moderate, this is an ideal place for astronomical observations.
All the way down to the southeast, you will reach the Amazon region. Before going deep into the rainforest, you can feel the charm of nature in Leticia, the capital of the Amazon province. At sunset, hundreds of birds flapped their wings back to their nests, and the chirping of parrots in Santander Park (Parque Santander) can be heard from a few kilometers away
In addition, go boating upstream and watch the pink puffer fish unique to the Amazon on Lake Tarapoto, and get close to Titi Monkey (Mono Tití), the smallest long-tailed monkey in the world, on Monkey Island (Isla de Los Micos) Contact… These unique experiences are even more memorable.
Latin Americans love festivals, carnivals, music, and dance, and Colombians are no exception. The successive festivals dazzle you.Not only does it have the second largest carnival in South America after Rio de Janeiro in Brazil-the Carnival de Barranquilla (Carnaval de Barranquilla), and the Carnaval de Blancos y Negros in Pasto (Carnaval de Blancos y Negros) is even more peculiar. The celebration originated in the Spanish colonial period.
The slaves who painted their faces white and the slave owners who painted their faces black celebrated the festival together. At the Feria de las Flores (Feria de las Flores) in early August each year, Medellin will be transformed into a sea of flowers. The climax is the Desfile de Silleteros parade. Nearly 400 florists carry flower trays with various themes behind them for a parade and finally choose the winner. In September, the International Salsa Festival (FestivalMundial de Salsa) kicked off in Cali. The world’s top dancers gathered in this Salsa capital, competing on the same stage and competing against each other. The public can also watch a free salsa show at the Los Cristales Amphitheatre.