Australia Before you opt were to travel on vacation in, determine for yourself what you would like from him. This is often a really expensive country for European tourists familiar with average prices in European resorts. Additionally, everything which will be found in Australia in terms of marine recreation (except for the luxurious coral reefs) are often found closer. But they do not attend Australia for that.
Where else are you able to hunt crocodiles and kangaroos completely openly and without poaching? Where else are you able to see all those beauties, wonderful creatures like platypuses and Tasmanian devils, if not in Australia?
You will not find really ancient cities within the country, for this, you would like to travel to Europe, to China. But in Australia, there are many truly cozy and interesting places that are comfortable for tourists, which can be of interest to guests from everywhere the planet. First of all, these cities become the start line for a visit to certain reserves.
Australia’s Founding Day is June 3. We advise you to travel on a visit within the summer and see many interesting places on the fifth continent. Australia is an amazing country located in the Southern Hemisphere. Australia covers an entire continent. Only here unique animals have survived, long extinct in other parts of the planet – kangaroos, platypuses, and echidna. Later, Australia was discovered by the Europeans. And that developed it.
The aborigines, an ancient people with complex beliefs and completely unusual ideas about the world, have survived to this day. This exoticism is combined in Australia with modern metropolises, great seaside resorts, luxury hotels, and excellent restaurants, great opportunities for diving, surfing, fishing, golf, and tennis.
42-48 thousand years ago the first people appeared in Australia. Australian aborigines moved here from modern Southeast Asia. These were the ancestors of modern aborigines. Most of the Aboriginal people were hunters and gatherers with oral culture and spiritual values based on earth worship and belief in the “era of dreams.” Europeans discovered the Australian continent in 1606, but it was not until 1770 that Captain James Cook discovered the east coast of Australia and declared it a British possession.
So the development of this continent by Europeans began. The UK authorities have made Australia a place of exile. The first cities appeared – Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. In 1829, all of Australia became an English colony. In accordance with the Westminster Statute, adopted in 1931 (and approved in 1942),
The state of Australia (Australian Union) is located on mainland Australia, Tasmania, and several other islands belong to the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is the sixth-largest state in the world and the only state that occupies an entire continent. East Timor, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea are located to the north of Australia, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, and the Solomon Islands to the northeast, and New Zealand to the southeast.
The northern and eastern coasts of Australia are washed by the seas of the Pacific Ocean: Arafura, Coral, Tasmanovo, Timor Seas; western and southern – Indian Ocean. vast deserts and low-lying areas most of the country’s territory has been occupied. The most significant Australian deserts are the Great Sandy Desert, the Great Victoria Desert. In the east of the mainland are badly destroyed low mountains – the Great Dividing Range. Here is Mount Kostsyushko, the highest point of the Australian continent. The lowest point in Australia is Lake Eyre (20 meters below sea level).
In the northern part of Australia, the climate is subequatorial, monsoon, hot, in the central part – tropical desert, in the southwest – subtropical with a predominance of winter precipitation. . The island of Tasmania has a temperate marine climate. Average temperatures in January are from +20 to +30 C, in July – from +12 to +20 C.
The export of Australian animals, plants, reptiles, as well as shells, corals, and items of historical value is prohibited without special permission. The import of weapons, drugs, meat and meat products, dairy products and eggs, live plants, and animals is prohibited. Permitted duty-free import of goods in the amount of 400 (for adults) or 200 (for persons under 18) Australian dollars, 250 cigarettes or 250 grams of tobacco products, and 1125 ml of alcohol.
Sydney is the oldest city in Australia, a large, vibrant metropolis. Top tourist spots in Sydney include the Opera House, the magnificent Sydney Bridge, the Royal Botanic Gardens, numerous museums, and over 30 superb beaches.
The city of Melbourne has earned the nickname “Diamond of the Southern Hemisphere”. Here are the best shopping and entertainment centers, and an incredible number of festivals, concerts, and exhibitions make Melbourne the cultural capital of Australia. Canberra is the capital of Australia, a small city with a well-thought-out modern layout. The Houses of Parliament, the Australian National Gallery, and the National Portrait Gallery are worth seeing here.
Perth is one of the largest cities in southern Australia. This region is famous for its vineyards, and in September whales come to the shores of Perth, so tourists have a great opportunity to observe these majestic animals. Adelaide is a park city located on the Torrance River. It is called the “City of Festivals”. Many interesting cultural and sports events take place here throughout the year.
The Blue Mountains are one of the most beautiful national parks in the world. Here you can not only admire the endless landscape but also have an active time: horseback riding, rock climbing, survival lessons in the bush, and a drop in the Kanangra caves are waiting for you. Gold Coast is a great resort, a true surfer’s paradise with an abundance of beaches and entertainment centers. Cairns offers a variety of theme parks, including an Aboriginal village, a 7.5 km cable car. Also in its vicinity is the Palm Cove resort area with kilometers of beaches, hotels, and entertainment.
The Great Barrier Reef is a site near Cairns and Port Douglas. Here you will spend fascinating hours observing the underwater world through the glass bottom of the boat or dipping into the corals and fish with scuba diving or masking. Sunny Beach is a world-famous resort with kilometers of beaches, sunny weather, and unique natural resources.
Uluru is a 348-meter high orange-brown oval rock located in the heart of the Australian continent, 450 km from the city of Alice Springs. At the foot of the rock, as well as in the caves, samples of ancient rock paintings have been preserved. Scientists believe that Uluru was a place of worship for ancient deities 10 thousand years ago. Kata Juta is another unique complex located near Uluru. It consists of several rounded dark red mountains, the highest of which reaches 546 meters. The island of Tasmania off the southern coast of Australia is famous for its unique nature, relict trees, rich flora, and numerous streams and waterfalls.
Traditional Australian cuisine is English cuisine, but today it is constantly being enriched with the Mediterranean, Asian, and Middle Eastern influences. Fish and seafood dishes are an integral part of the Australian table. The best seafood delicacies are Fitzroy eels, Tasmanian salmon, Sydney green oysters, Brani Island mussels.
Do not forget to try the famous barramundi, a juicy fish caught in northern Australia. We also recommend trying the “Marsupial” steak made from kangaroo meat with mushrooms, sailor-style brains in red wine, Australian salad, in which thin slices of ham are rolled up and then folded, putting fresh cucumbers, apples and boiled celery root diced on top, then poured over with orange juice and mayonnaise. Australia is known for its excellent wines.
Thanks to the abundance of sunny days, good white wines are produced here. Companies Shakedown and Pernod Ricard also produce sparkling wines. In addition, Australia is famous for its numerous beers. The most famous of them: Four XXXX, Fosters, Coopers, VB, Tooheys. Australian beer can be tasted in “hotels” – the so-called pubs in Australia.
From the essentials to the most luxurious items, you can buy anything in Australian stores. Virtually every district of the city has its own “Westfield” – a huge hypermarket. It is a whole city of shops, with contests, performances for children, sweepstakes, and presentations. Shops in big cities cater to most shoppers, offering literally everything from fashion boutiques to specialty shops offering local goods, antiques, arts, and crafts.
Australian Aboriginal art or culture can be great souvenirs and are best purchased either directly from community arts and crafts centers or from galleries and establishments owned or supported by Aboriginal communities. And famous Australian wines are best bought at the Australian Wine Center in Sydney.
Typically, large stores are open from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm on weekdays and from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm on Saturdays. Some outlets are open on Sunday from 10:00 to 16:00.
Among the sports popular in Australia, diving and surfing occupy a special place. The most popular diving site is the Great Barrier Reef, which is unmatched in the world’s oceans in terms of the number of inhabitants and their strikingly picturesque appearance. There are about four hundred species of corals alone. Some of them look like a human brain, others look like strange lace mushrooms, branches, or curtains, and still, others look like antlers.
In addition to them, more than four thousand species of mollusks live on the reef, from snails to giant meter-long bivalve tridacnas, as well as sponges, anemones, crayfish, crabs, starfish, sea urchins and many algae and one and a half thousand species of fish. In addition, the waters of the Great Barrier Reef attract numerous shipwreck treasure seekers.
Surfers prefer the Gold Coast – one of the most popular surfing spots and the most famous resort on the east coast of Australia. And great fishing opportunities can be found almost throughout the country, from Cairns in the tropical north of Queensland to Tasmania’s mountain rivers and lakes ideal for trout fishing. In addition, Australia has many tennis, golf, football, and cricket courts.
January 1 – New Year.
January 26 – Australia Day.
March 5 – Labor Day, celebrated in Western Australia.
April – Easter
April 25 – Veteran’s Day
The 1 of May. May Day (Northern Territories)
June 4 – Foundation Day (Western Australia).
June 11 – Queen’s Birthday (throughout Australia, except Western).
August 6 – Bank Holiday (New South Wales and Federal Capital Territory).
October 1 – Labor Day (celebrated by everyone except the States of Victoria, Western Australia, and Tasmania)
1st October – Queen’s Birthday (Western Australia).