New Zealand is one of the most spectacular countries in Oceania. The country is located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. Although New Zealand seems to be close to Australia, its distance is about 2000 kilometers. The neighboring countries are Fiji, Tonga, and Novel Caledonia. New Zealand has two fundamental islands, the North Island and the South Island. The country’s capital and largest city are located on the North Island.
These two islands are divided by narrow marine systems. There are also many other small islands in the country. The indigenous people of the country are called Maori. They are the largest minority ethnic group. These aborigines came to New Zealand from the Pacific island region of Maori Polynesia. They call it is the land of long white clouds. These indigenous peoples speak Maori. English, Maori, and NZ Sign Language are the official languages of the country. New Zealand is an independent state. The country gained independence from the British.
New Zealand and Australia across Tasmanian sea, from the Australian east coast about 1,500 kilometers, and the South Pacific archipelago of New Caledonia, Tonga, and Fiji separated by about 1000 km, so the special geographical location makes New Zealand be the last one of several areas inhabited by humans. Due to the long-term isolation of wildlife, a unique and diverse ecological environment has developed.
Due to the tectonic uplift and volcanic eruption, the terrain of New Zealand is changeable, and the Southern Alps run through the central and western parts of the South Island. New Zealand has beautiful scenery and a pleasant climate and is full of tourist attractions. In the Human Development Index report released by the United Nations Development Programme in 2014, New Zealand ranked 7th in the world.
Politics and government.
There are two political parties in this country. One is the party and the other is the opposition. The head of state of New Zealand is Queen Elizabeth II of England. In New Zealand, the government has the right to state power. In fact, the queen has no influence in the political affairs of the state. The queen is only officially the head of state. The government does all the work in the country. So the Prime Minister is the head of the government.
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy and it has a clear parliamentary structure. At the same time, as such, the Constitution of New Zealand does not exist, but there is only a number of constitutional laws adopted at one time or another.
The climate of New Zealand is between the temperate zone and the frigid zone, which is a temperate maritime climate. The average temperature in the South Island is about 8 degrees Celsius, and the average temperature in the North Island is about 16 degrees Celsius . January and February are the hottest months, and July is the coldest month. Except for the Central Otago region, the temperature difference in New Zealand is not large, but sometimes the weather changes rapidly in a short period of time.
The climate of the North Island region is close to the subtropical region, the highest temperature in summer can reach 24-28 degrees, and the highest temperature in central Otago often reaches 30-34 degrees. The annual rainfall in the low-lying areas of New Zealand can reach 600 to 1600 mm. The west coast of the South Island has the most precipitation, while the east coast of the South Island, the Canterbury Plains, and central Otago have the least precipitation (annual precipitation is about 350 mm).
Christchurch (also known as Christchurch) is the driest city in New Zealand, with an annual rainfall of about 640 mm. Hamilton is the city with the most precipitation in New Zealand, with annual precipitation of 1325mm, followed by Auckland. The annual precipitation in some areas of the southwestern South Island is between 5,000 and 8,000 mm, and the precipitation in some valleys reaches 15,000 mm, making it one of the most precipitation areas in the world.
At the same time, the queen does not have real power in the country, and her representative on the island is the governor-general, who is appointed on average every 5 years. The governor-general is, in essence, the guarantor of constitutional rights in the country and usually oversees the work of parliament, sometimes acting in accordance with the initiatives of the prime minister or the queen herself.
this is one of the few developed countries in the world. The country is at the top of the international human development index. In addition, the country’s standard of living, education, medical system, economy, longevity, politics, etc. are all improved. Mineral resources, manufacturing, electricity, gas, agriculture, water, and waste disposal services are a major part of the New Zealand economy. New Zealand is also one of the leading countries in the production and export of various types of electrical goods. The country’s currency is the New Zealand dollar.
Size and population.
The total area of the country is 2, 6,021 sq. km. And a total population of 50, 30,255. The population density is 18.1 per square kilometer (41.6 per square mile). The country is inhabited by several species. Among them are Europeans, Maori, Asians, and Pacific people.
New Zealand is known as a living terrain classroom. New Zealand contains two main islands, the South Island and the North Island, in addition to some small islands around it; between the two islands in the Cook Strait; and the capital Wellington is located at the southern end of the North Island.
Mountains account for about half of the total area, and the rest are plains, hills, and plateaus; the southern part of the South Island has the tall Southern Alps, the highest peak Mount Cook, 3764 meters above sea level, and many glaciers and lakes; the eastern part of the North Island has a higher terrain, the central and western parts There are vast volcanic areas, many lakes, waterfalls, and hot springs. The lakes are surrounded by plains; the rivers are short and turbulent, and they are extremely hydro-powered.
Nature and culture.
The nature of the country of the country is very captivating. But the nature of the country is a little different. The southern part of the country gets very cold and snowy.
The temperature is very low. The environment and fauna of this country are diverse and unique in nature. The country is home to the Kiwi. And these birds can only be seen in New Zealand. So it can be seen in New Zealand. Even New Zealanders are sometimes referred to as “Kiwis” in the media. The country’s natural environment is culturally and captivating. Most of the new Zealand people in the country are Christians. So is their culture and like Christians. The people of Newzealand are very friendly and hospitable.