Uluru. the true symbol of Australia Rising in the middle of the desert. since ancient times this rock has been a place of worship for the aborigines, and this is not surprising. the sandstone, rock basically consists of red, it surprisingly changes color depending on the lighting, this rock looks different at various times of the day. In addition, there are many springs that rise from under the mountain, this the only place that water can be found around the area.
Ayers Rock has formed 600 million years ago. It was originally located on the seabed, but now it stands majestically on the land and is 348 meters high. Another thing worth mentioning is that about 2.5 kilometers of its block are still underground.
Ayers Rock is located in the western part of the Simpson Desert, about 335 kilometers southwest of Alice Springs and 463 kilometers by road. This crimson single boulder is a rare wonder of nature. Mount Augustus in Western Australia is the largest boulder in the world.
This vast land, listed as a World Heritage Site, is worthy of your in-depth exploration. When Oprah Winfrey embarked on her first trip to Australia, fortunately, the music wizard Paul Simon strongly recommended Ayers Rock to her, and she would not enter Baoshan and return empty-handed. When Oprah arrived at Ayers Rock, she was shocked and strongly resonated with the local indigenous culture, which became the most important spiritual journey in her life
Uluru is a massive orange-brown oval-shaped rock formation, formed by geological processes about 680 million years ago. Located in Central Australia, the southernmost administrative region of the Northern Territory, at a point close to the geographic center of the continent. Located 340 km southwest of the city of Alice Springs. The rock is part of the “Uluru – Kata Tjuta National Park “, which occupies 1,300 square kilometers and is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Uluru is 3.6 km long, about 3 km wide, 348 meters high; covered with parallel grooves up to 2 m deep. The stone formation extends more than 6 km into the ground. The base is indented caves with rock paintings and stone carvings.
According to the myths of the aborigines, the owner of the mountain, a water python, once lived here; a black monitor lizard lived on a steep slope. Aborigines consider themselves to be the keepers of the sacred rock, worship and perform rituals.
The region experiences dry and hot weather for most of the year, with day and night temperature variations typical of the desert. From May to June (winter period) it is quite cool during the day, at night the temperature can drop below zero. In 1997, snow even fell on Uluru. The hottest month is December, the daily maximum is 40-43˚ С. Droughts often occur, the amount of precipitation fluctuates, not exceeding 300 mm per year
Uluru is definitely a hiking paradise. The 4-km Liru Walk opens in new window) Is the second-longest trekking route. It starts at the cultural center and walks for an hour and a half. The final stop is the Uluru base. The flowers along the way are lush and pleasing to the eye. If you choose to take the Mala Walk, you can reach the beautiful Kantju Gorge
Although the rock is located in the center of the desert, hurricanes hit the region every year, bringing heavy rains several times a year. When the rainy season begins, a large amount of water flows off the top of the cliff, creating the illusion of small but numerous waterfalls. After the rock gets wet, its color changes from gray to various shades: red, dark red, and brown
Uluru Native people
Several indigenous tribes have lived in the vicinity of Uluru and Kata Tjut for at least 30,000 years. The peoples united in the conditional Anangu tribe, they always considered their task to be the protection and proper management of these ancestral and sacred lands for them. This place is a center of power, worship, and culture for many indigenous peoples. They believe that the central Australian landscape, of which Uluru and Kata Tjuta are an important part, was created at the beginning of time by their ancestors.
The rocks are material evidence of the deeds performed during the creation of the world, which is told in the stories of Anangu. Legends say that in the beginning, the world was faceless and formless. Then came those who traveled the earth, creating all living species and forms. Uluru and Kata Tjuta are physical proof of feats,
One of these stories tells of how the greedy and dishonest lizard Lungkata with a blue tongue came to Uluru from the north and stole the meat from Emu. When Emu followed her into the cave and asked for the loot back to him, Lungkata ignored his request.
He left and pretended to be asleep. When the lizard, having had enough, fell asleep, Emu lit a fire right in the cave, smoke blocked Lungkata’s exit, and she could not get out. At the top of Uluru, there is a large blue spot – the aborigines believe that this is the trail of the burnt Lungkata. Most of the ancient oral histories are not told by the aborigines, as they are “too sacred”
From above, in appearance, the rock resembles a giant elephant lying on its side.
In 1948, a dirt road was laid to the iconic landmarks of Australia, miners, workers, and tourists began to visit Uluru, Kata-Tyutu, and their surroundings. The park was established in 1950. Seeing the huge tourism potential of the region, one of the residents of the town of Alice Springs in 1955 organized an excursion for a group of schoolchildren and then began to offer regular tours to everyone. The first tents with drinking water were built at the foot of the cliff
Kata Tjuta was added to Ayers Rock Mount Olga National Park in 1958, with the first hotels, an airfield, and a new runway for tourist groups. During this period, the Anangu (English Tribespeople) lived in the territories allocated to them, they were not allowed to visit the park, but many of them continued to walk in their native lands, hunt, collect plants, communicate and hold ceremonies.
In 1964, subsidies were canceled, for the indigenous population, the government “for security reasons” created a settlement in Kaltukatjar (near the Docker River), cutting off access to the park
18 km north of Uluru, the resort town of Yulara, with a recreation area and services for tourists was built, on the border of which there is the airport of Ayrs Roc.