Liberia is an independent country in West Africa. The country is bounded on the south and west by the Atlantic Ocean. The country gained independence from the United States on July 26, 1847. From 1949 to 1996, there was a civil war in Liberia. This caused extensive damage to the country’s economy and infrastructure.
The country was once a US colony but has not had political instability since its independence. Liberia has a large population of Lebanese Indians and West Africans. Liberia has no official state religion. Most of the people here are Christians. About 12.2% of the population is Muslim. Liberia is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean
. The name “Liberia” comes from the word liberty, which means “freedom.” it comes about after freed blacks returned to Africa in the 19th century and founded the Land of Freedom. I will talk about how their descendants live and what Liberia is today.
The Republic of Liberia, commonly known as Liberia, is a presidential republic located in West Africa, bordering Guinea to the north, Sierra Leone to the northwest, Ivory Coast to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. In the early 19th century, some black slaves in the United States planned to immigrate to the area now called Liberia after the liberation, so the country’s name has the meaning of “liberty” and “liberated” in English. In the early 20th century, Ethiopia and Liberia were the only two independent countries in Africa that were not colonized.
In the capital
Monrovia, the capital of here. Their largest city is Monrovia. The city of Monrovia is located on the Atlantic Coast at Cape Mesurado. In 1822, the setup Manasavia was named after the United States President James Mind. This is likewise a national capital with Washington DC, which is named after the United States President. Following 30 years of Freetown and Sierraalio, Monrovia was built up, which is known as the lasting settlement of dark Americans in Africa. The financial issues of this city are constrained by Harbor and Government Offices. Most people live in Monrovia. The population of Monrovia city is about 1,010970 people.
Size and population.
it is a small country. The total area of the country is 1, 11,369 sq. km and 43000 square miles. The density of the country is 40.43 per square kilometer. The total population of the country is about 4,503,000. The official language of the country is English. Their total GDP is $ 3.879 billion and per capita income is, $478 billion. The currency of Liberia is the Liberian dollar. Their internet TLD.LR and calling code is +231. Many types of people live in the country.
Africa is the second most populous continent, more than 1.1 billion people live here: a huge number of nationalities, languages , and cultures. in the conflict and poor countries, those are also quite peaceful, safe, and interesting for tourists. most travelers are familiar with countries such as Tunisia, South Africa, Egypt, and Morocco. And we will tell you about where you can have a pleasant time south of the Sahara in this article
Liberian Low System
Liberia’s law enforcement or military is not strict. The civil war has caused a lot of damage to their country. The reason for their civil war is mutual ignorance. They have no military force. Bangladesh’s military has been working successfully in here for a long time. The Bangladeshi military has saved many lives from heinous acts like the civil war. The military forces of Bangladesh have built their roads and bridges and encouraged them in agriculture. Made schools teach young children. Arranged treatment for neglected and distressed people. Liberians are always full of praise for the Bangladeshi military.
Nature and Travel
this country is located along the Atlantic Ocean. The natural beauty there is very beautiful. The Atlantic Ocean is one of the most beautiful and largest ocean in the world. The beauty of twilight in the afternoon creates a captivating atmosphere. Many tourists come here to visit.
The famous Titanic floated in the sea beside this country. The country’s economy has been weakened by the civil war, but its economy is now in turmoil. Liberia is the world’s first female president. Most places in the country are filled with jungle. Liberia has a unique green beauty.
history of Liberia
Since 1462, Portuguese, Dutch, British, and French colonists have entered one after another. Europeans called this place the ” Pepper Coast “, where slaves were traded. In 1821, the American Colonial Association established a black “immigrant zone” along the coast. From 1822 to the 1860s, the main settlers were slaves who were freed, and some black Americans were moved in, called ” Monrovia “. In 1824, it was renamed Liberia and then continued to expand inland. In 1838, the immigrants were merged.
District, renamed the “Federation of Liberia”. Liberia declared independence on July 26, 1847, and was the earliest independent modern sovereign country in Africa. The Abyssinian Empire was an independent country before the colonial era of the African continent. Since 1878, the True Whig Party continuously came to power for 102 years, banning all opposition political parties, the party to become a self-modern party system since the establishment of the longest continuously ruling party.
In 1885, Liberia was defeated by the United Kingdom, ceding land north of the Mano River; in 1892, it was defeated in France, ceding most of the Maryland immigration areas. After that, he repeatedly ceded land to Britain and France. After 1908, the existing boundaries were basically determined.
From 1944 to 1971, William Wakannarat Shadrach Dubman served as president for 27 years, gradually improving the status of indigenous Africans, proposing a national integration program, and working to eliminate black Americans and indigenous people The estrangement between nations. Duberman passed away in 1971 and William Richard Talbert succeeded him as president. In 1979, the opposition rioted and was suppressed by armed forces.
In April 1980, 17 soldiers headed by Sergeant Samuel Cannon Doe of the Cran Presidential Guards launched a coup, overthrew and executed Talbot, and ended the American Liberians’ power against the state. The long-term monopoly became the first indigenous black head of state.
In 1984, the Doe regime decided to return power to the people, reconvene the parliament, and formulate a constitution. Doe was elected president in 1985 after resigning from the military.
On December 24, 1989, the National Patriotic Front of Liberia organized rebels in Côte d’Ivoire and invaded Liberia under the leadership of Charles Taylor, and full-scale civil war broke out.
In July 1990, the Patriotic Front invaded Monrovia and immediately split into two factions. Liberia fell into a melee. In August, ECOWAS sent a peacekeeping force into Monrovia and clashed with the Taylor faction. In the international community mediation, the parties in the Gambia capital Banjul meeting, set up a “national unity interim government.” In September, Doe was captured and shot to death on the streets of Monrovia. In November, Sawyer became president of the Interim Government of National Unity, but he was opposed by Taylor.
In March 1991, the Liberian civil war extended to neighboring Sierra Leone and Guinea. In July 1993, the warring parties reached an agreement in the Benin city of Cotonou to establish a five-member State Council to hold the highest power of the country. In May 1994, the Transitional Government was formed.
In 1995, all factions were dissatisfied with the power distribution plan, and the war broke out. In August, the factions once again reached an agreement in Abuja, the capital of Nigeria, to replace the five-member State Council with a six-member State Council. In September, a transitional government was formed again.
In 1996, Taylor tried to arrest the heads of rival factions, which led to a renewed civil war. In August, under pressure from the international community, the factions reached an agreement again and agreed to disarm them all.
The seven-year civil war killed 150,000 people and 850,000 became refugees, completely destroying the Liberia economy.
In February 1997, all factions were disarmed and reorganized into political parties. In July, a general election was held and Taylor was elected president. Taylor used force to control the country, achieved domestic peace, and began to rebuild the economy.
However, in 1999, an anti-government armed group appeared in northern Liberia, believed to have the support of the Guinean government, and another civil war was launched. By 2003, the Taylor government controlled less than one-third of the country’s territory, and Monrovia was under siege. The Community of West African States, headed by Nigeria, once again sent peacekeeping troops.
On August 11, Taylor announced his resignation, transferred power to Vice President Moses Bula, and went to exile in Nigeria. Although INTERPOL issued a wanted warrant against Taylor for corruption and war crimes, Nigeria still refused to surrender Taylor. It declared that Nigeria will not abandon Taylor unless the legal regime in Liberia makes an extradition request.
On October 1, 2003, the United Nations peacekeeping force took over Liberia and began to disarm all parties to the civil war. Today, 5,500 UN soldiers are still stationed in Liberia. Although riots have occurred frequently, the disarmament work is still proceeding slowly.
On August 18, 2003, the Bula government and various political parties and associations signed the Accra Peace Agreement, and the National Transitional Government was formed in mid-October. Charles Jod Bryant was elected chairman of the National Transitional Government and was sworn in on October 14.
After two years of transition, on October 11, 2005, democratic elections were held again under the supervision of the United Nations. In the first round of voting, George Weah got the lead, but not more than half, but in the second round of the competition on November 8, Ellen Johnson Hillliffe won the final victory.
In 2014, the Ebola virus spread in West Africa, and Liberia was also affected. At least seven people died in the capital of Monrovia